nanoplus lasers at wavelengths from the visible to MIR spectral range can be used in a wide variety of biological and biotechnological applications including
Non-destructive food quality control is another application area, i.e. to monitor the atmosphere in which food is stored or the shelf life of soft drinks.
Other bio- applications include environmental biotechnology for the detection of dangerous gases emanating from wastes during deposition and clean up-processes.
A 3.6 µm ICL is used to enhance the reading of the surface plasmon polariton effect.
Medical breath analysis considers ethane and acetelyne as a biomarkers for asthma, schizophrenia or lung cancer. The research field of breath analysis uses methane as a biomarker for intestinal problems.[ 10 ]